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小行星探测发展综述
张荣桥1, 黄江川2, 赫荣伟2, 耿言1, 孟林智3
1.国家国防科技工业局 探月与航天工程中心, 北京 100190;2.中国空间技术研究院, 北京 100094;3.北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100094
摘要:
小天体上保存着太阳系形成初期的原始成分,同时可能蕴含着地球生命与水起源的重要线索,是研究太阳系起源和演化历史的活化石。近年来,小行星探测已成为主要航天国家深空探索领域的重点发展目标之一。简要总结了国际上小天体探测历程,对小行星探测的研究和发展趋势进行了综述,重点探讨了未来小行星探测任务面临的主要关键技术,并对中国后续开展小行星探测活动提出了相关建议。
关键词:  小行星探测;关键技术;发展综述
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.05.002
分类号:P185.7;V57
基金项目:
The Development Overview of Asteroid Exploration
ZHANG Rongqiao1, HUANG Jiangchuan2, HE Rongwei2, GEN Yan1, MENG Linzhi3
1.Lunar Exploration and Aerospace Engineering Center, Beijing 100190;2.China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094;3.Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094
Abstract:
The small bodies retain the original elements of early solar system,and may contain important clues to the origin of the earth's life and water. They are living fossils for studying the origin and evolutionary history of the solar system. Asteroid exploration has become research hotspots of international deep space exploration in recent years. The process of small bodies exploration is briefly summarized, and the research and development of asteroid exploration is reviewed, as well the key technologies of asteroid missions. Based on the deep space exploration capability of China, some suggestions are put forward to carry out future asteroid exploration.
Key words:  asteroid exploration;key technology;development overview