In order to guarantee the academic quality and editing quality, this journal implements the review system of "four reviews and nine proofreadings". All review and proofreading procedures are performed on the digital work platform. Details are as follows:
The first review: The editor in charge conducts a preliminary review of the manuscript, and checks the plagiarism through the CNKI academic misconduct detection system. Manuscripts that pass the review enter the peer review phase.
The second review: The editor in charge assigns two experts in the same research field as the manuscript to conduct peer review. If there is a big difference between the two experts' reviews, a third expert will be assigned to review it.
The third review: Based on the results of the two steps above, the deputy editor in chief makes advice on whether to accept the manuscript and gives reasons. For manuscripts that need to be sent back for revision, the deputy editor in chief writes out specific suggestions for revision, and the editor in charge contacts the author to make revisions;
The final review: The editor in chief reviews the revised manuscript and decides whether to accept it.
The first proofreading: The editor in charge edits the Word format of the manuscript, and contacts the author to confirm or revise the errors. After that, the editor in charge sends it to a typesetting company for typing and composing to make the second version;
The second proofreading: The editor in charge proofreads the second version by comparing it with the former Word format;
The third proofreading: Different editors of the editorial office proofread each other's second versions of manuscripts;
The fourth proofreading: The author checks the content and format of the second version, especially the byline and institutions;
The editor in charge combines his or her own proofread version, the version proofread by other editors, and the version checked by the author together. Then the editor in charge gives the combined version to a typesetting company for revision to make the third version.
The fifth proofreading: The editor in charge proofreads the third version and compares it with former versions to check for the correction in the proofreadings above. After that, the editor in charge gives it to a typesetting company to make the final version;
The sixth proofreading: The deputy technical editor in chief and the outsourced editor conduct final technical proofreading. After that, the editor in charge combines the versions and gives the combined version to a typesetting company to make a press proof for through reading;
The seventh proofreading: The executive editorial board member reads through the press proof. After that, the editor in charge checks and verifies the correction by comparing the version with the last version, and contacts the author to solve the problems found in the through reading. Then the editor in charge gives it to a typesetting company to make a press proof for checking;
The eighth proofreading: The deputy editor in chief checks the press proof for undiscovered content and format problems. The editor in charge solves these problems and gives it to a typesetting company to make a final proof for signing and issuing;
The ninth proofreading: The editor in chief checks, signs, and issues the final proof; if the editor in chief finds problems, he or she will signs "issuing after revision" or return it to the last step for revision.
Please click here for the procedure of checking, editing, proofreading, signing, printing, and issuing.