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行星着陆自主导航与制导控制研究现状与趋势
于正湜1,2,3, 崔平远1,2,3
1.北京理工大学 宇航学院, 北京 100081;2.深空自主导航与控制工信部重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.飞行器动力学与控制教育部重点实验室, 北京 100081
摘要:
行星着陆自主导航与制导控制技术是行星着陆过程的核心技术之一,关系到行星着陆任务的成败。本文基于未来火星和小天体着陆对自主导航与制导控制技术的发展需求,阐述了进一步开展自主导航与制导控制研究的必要性,围绕行星着陆过程环境特点,分析了自主导航与制导控制技术所遇到的挑战,随后概括了行星着陆自主导航与制导控制所涉及的关键技术,并综述了关键技术的研究现状。最后对我国未来行星着陆探测自主导航与制导控制技术的发展方向进行了展望。
关键词:  行星着陆;火星;小天体;自主导航;制导控制
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.04.006
分类号:
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(2012CB720000);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61374216,61304248,61304226);北京理工大学创新团队基金资助项目
Research Status and Developing Trend of the Autonomous Navigation, Guidance, and Control for Planetary Landing
YU Zhengshi1,2,3, CUI Pingyuan1,2,3
1.Institute of Deep Space Exploration, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Autonomous Navigation and Control for Deep Space Exploration, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing 100081, China;3.Key Laboratory of Dynamics and Control of Flight Vehicle, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Autonomous navigation,guidance,and control is one of the key technologies for planetary landing,which has a direct impact on mission success. In this paper,the necessity and importance of the further research on the autonomous navigation,guidance,and control are elaborated focusing on the developing demand for the Mars and small body landing mission in the future. Based on the environment features,the challenges encountered for the autonomous navigation,guidance,and control are analyzed. Then and the key techniques involved are discussed,and the state-of-the-art techniques and research tendency of the autonomous navigation for planetary landing are summarized. Finally,the development trends of the autonomous navigation,guidance,and control for Chinese planetary landing mission in the future are previewed.
Key words:  planetary landing;Mars;small body;autonomous navigation;guidance and control