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深空探测器自主控制技术综述
王大轶1, 符方舟2, 孟林智1, 李文博2, 李茂登2, 徐超2, 葛东明1
1.北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100094;2.北京控制工程研究所, 北京 100190
摘要:
深空探测是人类考察、勘探和定居地球外其它天体的第1步,而深空探测器的自主控制技术则是确保深空探测任务成功完成的重要关键技术之一。从“自主导航、自主制导与控制、自主任务规划、自主故障诊断与重构”4个方面对深空探测器自主控制技术的研究现状进行综述,分析了已有的深空探测器自主控制技术存在的问题,并根据深空探测技术发展和任务实施的需求,提出了深空探测器自主控制技术未来研究的发展趋势。
关键词:  深空探测器;自主导航;自主制导与控制;自主任务规划;自主故障诊断与重构
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.04.002
分类号:
基金项目:国家杰出青年科学基金资助项目(61525301);国家自然科学基金资助项目(61690215,61640304,61573060,61203093)
Research of Autonomous Control Technology for Deep Space Probes
WANG Dayi1, FU Fangzhou2, MENG Linzhi1, LI Wenbo2, LI Maodeng2, XU Chao2, GE Dongming1
1.Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China;2.Beijing Institute of Control Engineering, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract:
Deep space exploration is the first step in human investigation,exploration and settlement of other celestial bodies outside the Earth,and autonomous control technology of deep space probes is one of the key technologies to guarantee the success of deep space exploration mission. The research status of autonomous control technology of deep space probe is summarized from four aspects,including autonomous navigation,autonomous guidance and control,autonomous mission planning,autonomous fault diagnosis and reconfiguration. Moreover,the existing problems of autonomous control technology for deep space probes are analyzed. Finally,the prospects of the technologies are predicated according to the demands for deep space exploration technology development and task implementation.
Key words:  deep space probes;autonomousnavigation;autonomous guidance and control;autonomous mission planning;autonomous fault diagnosis and reconfiguration