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深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势
刘红, 姚智恺, 付玉明
北京航空航天大学
摘要:
生物再生生命保障系统是月球基地、载人登陆火星和火星基地等长时间、远距离的载人航天活动的关键技术之一。在介绍了生物再生生命保障系统概念的基础上,梳理了生物再生生命保障系统的理论与技术基础,总结与回顾了国内外生物再生生命保障系统的生态系统级的研究进展,并展望了生物再生生命保障系统的未来发展趋势,对感兴趣于此技术方向的研究人员和工程技术人员具有重要参考价值,也可为我国载人深空探测生命保障技术的规划与发展提供参考。
关键词:  生物再生生命保障系统;人工闭合生态系统;地基实验装置;地外长期生存
DOI:
分类号:
基金项目:载人航天预先研究项目(020302)
Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration
Liu Hong, Yao Zhikai, Fu Yuming
Beihang University
Abstract:
Bio-regenerative life support system(BLSS), is one of the key technologies for long-term and long remote manned space mission such as manned Mars landing and the establishment of lunar and Mars base. Based on the concept of BLSS, we arrange the theoretical and technological basement of BLSS, overview the achievements of BLSS in entire ecosystem around the world, and summarize the development trend of BLSS. This article will offer valuable references for researchers or engineers interested in the field of BLSS, and it will assist the planning and development of China’s manned deep space exploration mission in the future as well.
Key words:  Bio-regenerative life support system; Man-made closed ecological system; Ground based experimental facility; Long-term extraterrestrial life support