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无人月球科考站构建与运行关键技术初探
杨建中,吴琼,曾福明,姜生元,徐赵东,崔平远
1.北京空间飞行器总体设计部;2.东南大学土木工程学院;3.北京理工大学宇航学院
摘要:
无人月球科考站对月球资源的长期深度勘查与开发利用具有重要意义,是航天大国抢占的空间科技战略制高点,识别其构建与运行过程中的关键技术,是无人月球科考站工程必需解决的首要问题。对此,给出了一种无人月球科考站的组成方案,指出了其构建与运行的基本过程及面临的主要问题,针对上述问题提出了应当突破的关键技术,包括主动软着陆系统设计、软着陆安全边界辨识、装备自适应移动步态规划、月面综合环境致损等效、装备服役寿命预测与控制等。进而对关键技术突破所涉及的基本研究内容进行了初步分析,并给出了无人月球科考站分步构建与运行的工程实施建议。为我国未来无人月球科考站的研究与工程实施提供参考。
关键词:  月球科考站;主动软着陆;安全边界;自适应移动;服役寿命控制
DOI:
分类号:V11
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(面上项目,重点项目,重大项目)
Preliminary Study on Key Technologies for Construction and Operation of Robotics Lunar Scientific Base
YANG Jianzhong1,2, WU Qiong1, ZENG Fuming1, JIANG Shengyuan3, XU Zhaodong4, CUI Pingyuan5
1.Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering;2.College of Aerospace Engineering,Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics;3.School of Mechatronics Engineering,Harbin Institute of technology;4.School of Civil Engineering,Southeast University;5.School of Aerospace Engineering,Beijing Institute of Technology
Abstract:
Robotics lunar scientific base is of great significance to the deep exploration and exploitation of lunar resources. It is the strategic commanding point of space science and technology seized by space powers, and the key technologies in the construction and operation are primary problems to be solved in the project of the base. A basic sketch of robotics lunar scientific base is given, and main technical problems to be faced in construction and operation are also pointed out. Key technologies should be broken are then proposed, which include active soft-landing design, soft-landing safety boundary identification, adaptive gait planning, comprehensive lunar environmental damage equivalent, service life prediction and control, etc. Finally, recommendations for the implementation of the base are proposed. It provides reference for the research and construction of the future robotics lunar scientific base of China.
Key words:  robotics lunar scientific base;active soft-landing;soft-landing safety boundary;adaptive gait planning;service life control