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航天神舟生物科技集团有限公司
徐侃彦
航天神舟生物科技集团有限公司
摘要:
行星保护是每一个开展深空探索的国家都要面对的问题,火星是太阳系里最可能存在地外生命的星球之一,也是行星保护的重点关注对象,在我国火星探索即将正式启动之际,了解行星保护的政策、标准、技术和管理措施,对我国未来在火星探索中满足国际上行星保护的要求至关重要。本文主要回顾了行星保护的历史,国外在火星探索历史上行星保护正向防护所采取的措施,以及现代科学技术发展对行星保护正向防护相关技术的影响,并对我国未来火星探测活动中应该采取的行星保护正向污染防护措施提出了建议。
关键词:  行星保护,火星探索,微生物,地外生命
DOI:
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基金项目:
Mars robotic exploration and planetary protection
xukanyan
0
Abstract:
Planetary protection is a key problem with which each country conducting deep space exploration should face. Mars is one of the celestial bodies that extraterrestrial life may exist, and is the major target for planetary protection. Before China start its own Mars exploration program, it is necessary to understand the policy, standard, techniques and management related to the planetary protection, in order to implement the planetary protection policies and requirements during the future Mars exploration practice. In this review, we introduced the history of planetary protection, the major control activities taken to prevent forward contamination in the previous Mars exploration programs, and the effects of modern scientific and technological development on the forward contamination prevention techniques of planetary protection. Finally, we provide suggestions on the planetary protection forward contamination control in China’s Mars exploration program.
Key words:  planetary protection; Mars exploration; microorganism control; extraterrestrial life