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月球基地能源系统初步研究
任德鹏, 李青, 许映乔
北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100094
摘要:
建设月球基地、深入开展月球探测是后续深空探测发展的必然趋势,能源系统是维持月球基地正常工作的基本条件。结合月球基地能源需求和月面环境特点,确定了能源系统的基本要求;对比分析了各种能源类型的特点及应用前景,明确了初级阶段月球基地能源系统应以太阳能的利用为主要方式,核心技术是解决太阳能的高效存储问题;通过储能技术的分析,提出了热化学制氢结合氢氧燃料电池及光伏发电装置的能源系统方案,并对系统设计的关键技术进行了分析,相关内容可为月球基地的深入论证及其能源系统的具体设计提供借鉴。
关键词:  月球基地;能源系统;方案概述
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.06.009
分类号:V11
基金项目:国家重大科技专项工程
Preliminary Research on the Lunar Base Energy System
REN Depeng, LI Qing, XU Yingqiao
Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineering, Beijing 100094, China
Abstract:
The establishment of lunar bases is an inevitable trend in the following deep space exploration. Meanwhile,the energy system is a basic condition for keeping a lunar base working well. In this paper,basic requirements of the energy system are determined by combining lunar base energy requirements and lunar environment features. A variety of energy resources are analyzed comparatively,indicating that utilizing solar energy is the main method in the primary stage of the lunar base energy system. The core technology of utilizing solar energy is to store it with high efficiency. Based on the analysis of energy storage technologies,an energy system scheme using thermochemical hydrogen production combining hydrogen and oxygen fuel cells and photovoltaic power generation devices is proposed. The key technologies for the system design are analyzed,which can be referred in the detailed design of the lunar base energy system.
Key words:  lunar base;energy system;scheme overview