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月球背面探测任务多目标协同控制模式设计
彭德云, 邹雪梅, 李亮
北京航天飞行控制中心, 北京 100094
摘要:
月球背面探测需要中继卫星提供中继通信支持,实现地面测控网对月面探测器的控制。为解决月球背面探测任务过程中和环月探测卫星等多个航天器目标的相互控制及其与地面测控网之间的复杂协同控制问题,提出了协同控制关联目标描述方法,明确了控制目标和上行路由的概念和确定原则、上行路由测控网资源分配原则,设计了基于时间窗口的中继测控资源分配方法、多目标协同控制的标称计划模式、遥操作规划模式和上行控制模式。经过“嫦娥4号”天地大回路无线联试和“鹊桥”中继卫星在轨飞行证明,设计是合理可行的。
关键词:  月球背面探测任务;多目标协同控制;飞行控制
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.06.007
分类号:V11
基金项目:
Design of Multiple Lunar Probe Collaborative Control Mode for Lunar Farside Exploration Mission
PENG Deyun, ZOU Xuemei, LI Liang
Beijing Aerospace Control Center, Beijing 100094, China
Abstract:
The multiple lunar probe collaborative control design scheme of lunar farside exploration mission is introduced in this paper. A relay satellite is necessary to provide the relay communication between the exploration probes and the ground TT&C network. In order to solve the complex confederate control problem among the relay satellite,the lunar lander,the lunar rover and the circumlunar satellites in the mission,the description method of associated objects in the collaborative flight control is proposed,and the concept of control object and uplink router object is defined,the principle determination of the above objects and the principle of TT&C resource distribution among uplink router objects are given,and the nominal planning mode,the teleoperation planning mode and uplink telecommand mode are introduced. The design scheme's feasibility is verified by CE-4 mission's space-ground circuit radio joint test and the on-orbit flight of the relay satellite.
Key words:  lunar farside exploration mission;multiple probe collaborate control;aerospace flight control