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深空探测中的激光诱导击穿光谱探测仪
舒嵘1,2,3, 徐卫明1, 付中梁4, 万雄1, 袁汝俊1,3
1.中国科学院 上海技术物理研究所, 上海 200083;2.上海科技大学, 上海 201210;3.中国科学院大学, 北京 100049;4.探月与航天工程中心, 北京 100190
摘要:
物质成分探测是深空探测领域非常重要的技术领域,激光诱导击穿光谱技术是一种可以非接触式快速获得物质元素成分信息的手段,论文针对2020年我国首次火星探测任务提出的火星表面成分探测仪,阐述了激光诱导击穿光谱技术基本原理,国内外的技术发展现状和趋势,重点围绕火星环境、有效载荷生存性进行了分析,最后论文详细探讨了激光诱导击穿光谱技术中的数据反演和定量化技术。
关键词:  火星;激光诱导击穿光谱;LIBS;定量分析;物质成分
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.05.007
分类号:V520
基金项目:
Laser Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy Detector in Deep Space Exploration
SHU Rong1,2,3, XU Weiming1, FU Zhongliang4, WAN Xiong1, YUAN Rujun1,3
1.Shanghai Institute of Technical Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 200083, China;2.ShanghaiTech University, Shanghai 201210, China;3.University of Chinese Academy Sciences, Beijing 100049, China;4.Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center, Beijing 100190, China
Abstract:
The detection of material composition is a key technology in deep space exploration. Laser induced breakdown spectroscopy(LIBS) is a non-contact and rapid method to acquire element information of the material. This paper aims at the detection of the Mars surface in China's first Mars exploration mission in 2020. The basic principle of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy,and the development status and trends of this technology is introduce firstly. Then the Martian environment and the survivability of the payloads under the harsh environment are analyzed. Finally,the data inversion and quantitative analysis technologies of LIBS are discussed.
Key words:  Mars exploration;laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy;LIBS;quantitative analysis;material composition