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中国首次火星探测任务地面应用系统
刘建军1,2,3, 苏彦1,2, 左维1,2, 任鑫1,2, 孔德庆1,2, 温卫斌1,2, 张洪波1,2, 李春来1,2
1.中国科学院 月球与深空探测重点实验室, 北京 100101;2.中国科学院 国家天文台, 北京100101;3.中国科学院大学 天文与空间科学学院, 北京 100049
摘要:
中国首次火星探测任务(HX-1)计划2020年通过一次发射实现火星环绕和着陆巡视,对火星开展全球性、综合性的环绕探测,在火星表面开展区域巡视探测。地面应用系统是首次火星探测任务工程五大系统之一,主要负责科学探测计划制定,有效载荷运行管理,探测数据的接收、处理、解译和管理,组织开展科学数据的应用和研究等任务。在分析国外类似系统和火星探测地面应用系统的特点和难点基础上,从系统的主要任务和技术指标出发,介绍了系统总体布局、分系统主要功能、组成和设计。
关键词:  火星探测;地面应用系统;系统组成;分系统设计
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.05.003
分类号:V55
基金项目:
Ground Research and Application System of China's First Mars Exploration Mission
LIU Jianjun1,2,3, SU Yan1,2, ZUO Wei1,2, REN Xin1,2, KONG Deqing1,2, WEN Weibin1,2, ZHANG Hongbo1,2, LI Chunlai1,2
1.Key Laboratory of Lunar and Deep Space Exploration, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;2.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China;3.School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
Abstract:
China's first Mars exploration mission(HX-1)is expected to launch Orbiter and Rover in 2020 to conduct a global and comprehensive exploration of Mars,and to carry out regional patrolling on the Mars surface. The Ground Research and Application System(GRAS)is one of the five systems of engineering system of the Mars exploration mission,which is mainly responsible for the scientific exploration plan formulation,payload operation management,data receiving,processing,interpretation and management,and organizing the application and research of the scientific data. Based on the analysis of similar systems and the difficulties of Mars exploration ground systems,the main tasks,technical indicators and overall layout of GRAS,and the main functions,composition and design of the subsystems are introduced.
Key words:  Mars exploration;ground research and application system;system structure;subsystem design