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月球基地建设方案设想
袁勇, 赵晨, 胡震宇
上海宇航系统工程研究所, 上海 201109
摘要:
随着月球探测的深入发展,国内外众多月球探测方案和月球开发计划均将月球基地建设作为一个重要目标。月球基地建设将服务于后续无人月球探测和载人登月探测任务。通过月球基地的功能和意义分析,对月球基地的选址约束、建设步骤和实施过程提出了初步构想,并针对典型的探测站/器进行了分析。在此基础上,根据我国运载能力,提出了月球基地方案构想,并对月球基地建设的若干关键问题进行了初步探讨,可为后续月球基地建设提供参考。
关键词:  月球基地;建设步骤;选址约束;关键问题;运营技术
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.04.008
分类号:V467.3
基金项目:
Prospect of Lunar Base Construction Scheme
YUAN Yong, ZHAO Chen, HU Zhenyu
Shanghai Institute of Aerospace System Engineering, Shanghai 201109, China
Abstract:
With the further development of lunar exploration,the construction of lunar base is taken by many lunar exploration schemes and lunar development plans at home and abroad as an important goal. The lunar base will serve the future unmanned lunar exploration and manned lunar missions. The function and significance of the lunar base are analyzed. According to the carrying capacity of China's rockets,a scheme for the lunar base construction is put forward,which includes the preliminary concept of the location constraint,the construction steps and the implementation process of the lunar base. The typical detection station and devices of the lunar base are analyzed. Some key problems of the lunar base are discussed,which will provide reference for the construction of the lunar base in the future.
Key words:  lunar base;construction steps;location constraints;operation technology;operation technology