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小天体表面移动技术研究进展
于正湜1,2,3, 朱圣英1,2,3, 崔平远1,2,3, 刘延杰1,2,3
1.北京理工大学 宇航学院, 北京 100081;2.深空自主导航与控制工信部重点实验室, 北京 100081;3.飞行器动力学与控制教育部重点实验室, 北京 100081
摘要:
基于已实施的小天体探测任务和未来小天体表面移动探测技术的发展趋势,阐述了小天体表面移动技术研究现状。根据小天体的特殊动力学环境和任务需求,总结了小天体表面移动技术的主要问题;归纳分析了包括小天体引力场建模与表面运动特性分析、小天体表面弹跳技术以及弱引力环境下的导航与制导技术在内的小天体表面移动关键技术,并介绍了这些关键技术的研究进展;对上述关键技术的未来研究热点和发展趋势进行了展望。
关键词:  小天体;表面移动;构型设计;导航与制导
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.04.001
分类号:
基金项目:
Research Progress of Small Body Surface Motion Technologies
YU Zhengshi1,2,3, ZHU Shengying1,2,3, CUI Pingyuan1,2,3, LIU Yanjie1,2,3
1.School of Aerospace Engineering, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China;2.Key Laboratory of Autonomous Navigation and Control for Deep Space Exploration, Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Beijing 100081, China;3.Key Laboratory of Dynamics and Control of Flight Vehicle, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Based on small body surface exploration missions carried out so far and future development trends of small body surface exploration technology, the necessity and key technologies of small body surface motion are elaborated. Firstly, the difficulties and challenges encountered in small body surface explorations are summarized. Then, thekey technologies related to the small body surface motion are outlined, and the research progress of these technnologies are surveyed. Finally, future research focuses and development trends of small body landing technologies are discussed.
Key words:  small body;surface motion;configuration design;navigation and guidance