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载人登月舱月面着陆缓冲装置设计与研制
王永滨, 蒋万松, 王磊, 黄伟
北京空间机电研究所, 北京 100076
摘要:
基于着陆冲击动力学实现载人登月舱月面着陆缓冲装置的方案设计,并分别开展机构运动分析、振动响应分析和着陆冲击特性分析,对着陆缓冲装置进行了全面的仿真分析计算。在此基础上研制了全尺寸载人登月舱月面着陆缓冲装置原理样机,并结合分析优化结果进行了试验验证。该研究为研制大收拢比、大尺寸、大载重、低过载的载人登月舱月面着陆缓冲装置奠定了技术基础。
关键词:  载人登月;着陆机构;缓冲;吸能
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.03.010
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金资助项目(51505028)
Design and Development of Landing Gear Technology for Manned Lunar Landing
WANG Yongbin, JIANG Wansong, WANG Lei, HUANG Wei
Beijing Institute of Mechanics & Electricity, Beijing 100094, China
Abstract:
A landing gear for manned lunar landing was designed base on the dynamic analysis of landing impact. System simulation analysis and calculation for lunar landing gear was done including the dynamics analysis, vibration response analysis and impact analysis of landing. The full-scale principle prototype of landing gear for manned lunar landing was established with the designing and simulation results, experimental verification was done base on the analysis and optimization result. The development laid the technical foundation for the large gathering ratio, large size, heavy weight, low overload of manned lunar landing gear.
Key words:  manned lunar landing;landing gear;buffer;energy absorption