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深空探测太阳电池阵应用及关键技术分析
张建琴1, 徐建明1, 贾巍1, 邱宝贵2, 肖杰2
1.上海空间电源研究所, 上海 200245;2.上海宇航系统工程研究所, 上海 201108
摘要:
从1958年启动月球探测活动至今,经过几十年的发展,人类在深空探测领域取得重大成果。本文首先介绍地内行星、地外行星与登陆探测等领域探测器用太阳电池阵技术的应用情况,同时结合地内行星探测、地外行星探测与登陆探测任务所面临的不同空间环境特点对航天器太阳电池阵进行关键技术分析,梳理深空探测任务对太阳电池阵不同的技术需求及其所需解决的关键问题,从中得出未来深空探测太阳电池阵技术的趋势是将向更高效率太阳电池阵、环境自适应技术、高重量比功率、高体积比功率的方向发展。
关键词:  深空探测;太阳电池阵;地内行星;地外行星;登陆探测
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.01.001
分类号:
基金项目:上海市科学技术委员会资助课题(15XD1522000)
Application of Solar Array and Analysis of Key Technologies in Deep Space Exploration
ZHANG Jianqin1, XU Jianming1, JIA Wei1, QIU Baogui2, XIAO Jie2
1.Shanghai Institute of Space Power-Sources, Shanghai 200245, China;2.Shanghai Aerospace System Engineering Institute, Shanghai 201108, China
Abstract:
Since lunar exploration is initiated in 1958, after decades' development, great achievements have been made in the field of deep space explortation. The paper introduces the application of solar array in the fields of inferior planets exploration, superior planets exploration and celestial body landing exploration, analysis the critical technologies of solar array facing different conditions in these fields, thus points out the technical requirements of solar array and the critical problems that will be solved for different deep space exploration tasks, then generalizes the development trend of solar array technologies will be higher efficiency, environmental self-adaption, higher weight power ratio and capacity power ratio in deep space exploration.
Key words:  deep space exploration;solar array;inferior planet;superior planet;landing exploration