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月面广义资源探测及其原位利用技术构想
姜生元1, 沈毅1, 吴湘1, 邓宗全1, 赖小明2, 张家强2, 梁鲁3, 周琴4
1.哈尔滨工业大学机器人技术与系统国家重点实验室, 哈尔滨 150001;2.北京卫星制造厂, 北京 100190;3.北京空间技术研制试验中心, 北京 100190;4.中国地质大学(北京), 北京 100083
摘要:
以载人登月场景下的月面资源精细化利用为目标,概述了月面资源探测与原位利用技术的国内外发展现状。针对未来载人登月探测任务规划以及确定预先研究目标的实际需求,提出了月面环境资源的广义分类和精细化利用思想,并以载人登月场景下的"人-器-机-环境"系统为研究对象,细化了可在轨利用的资源、需带回地球的样本资源和人机废弃物资源等三类资源的拓扑组成。本着继承与创新兼顾、前瞻性与实用性包容的概念研究理念,重点阐述了宇航员人因主导的矿物资源勘查、月面环境条件的资源化利用、多态样本的采集、人机废弃物的循环利用等月面广义资源的探测与原位利用技术途径。
关键词:  人机联合;月面广义资源;探测;原位利用;技术途径
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2015.04.001
分类号:
基金项目:国家自然科学基金项目(5157512);载人航天领域预先研究项目(050102)
Technical Schemes of Investigation and In-Situ Utilization for Lunar Surface Generalized Resources
JIANG Shengyuan1, SHEN Yi1, WU Xiang1, DENG Zongquan1, LAI Xiaoming2, ZHANG Jiaqiang2, LIANG Lu3, ZHOU Qin4
1.State Key Laboratory of Robotics and System, Harbin 150001, China;2.Beijing Spacecraft Manufacture Factory, Beijing 100190, China;3.Beijing Space Technology Manufacture and Test Center, Beijing 100094, China;4.China University of Geosciences, Beijing 100083, China
Abstract:
For the goal of refined utilization of lunar surface resources with human assistance,this paper outlined the present situation of the development of lunar surface exploration and in-situ resource utilization technology. For actual requirements of China's future manned lunar exploration mission and advance research,it presents a generalized classification for refined utilization of the lunar surface resources. In this classification, the human-robot-environment system was treated as research object,and the lunar surface environment resources can be divided into three categories:resources be utilized on-orbit, sample resources need to bring back to the earth and waste produced by human and machines. Follow the research concept of balancing the inheritance and innovation, it focuses on technical schemes of investigation and in-situ utilization for lunar surface generalized resources, including the mineral resources investigation, resources utilization on the lunar surface environment condition, collections of polymorphic samples and the recycling of the wastes produced by human and machines.
Key words:  human-robot combination;lunar surface generalized resources;investigation;in-situ utilization;technical means