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嫦娥工程技术发展路线
裴照宇, 王琼, 田耀四
探月与航天工程中心, 北京 100037
摘要:
月球是距离地球最近的天体,以其独特的空间位置、广阔的科学探索前景,成为人类地外天体探测和资源利用的首选目标和持续选择。简要总结世界各主要航天大国的探月发展历程和后续计划,详细介绍了我国探月工程(嫦娥工程)"绕""落""回"三步走的发展思路和技术路线,分析了后续的发展方向,提出了2030年前月球机器人科研站任务设想。
关键词:  月球探测;技术发展路线;嫦娥工程;机器人;月球科研站
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2015.02.001
分类号:
基金项目:国家中长期科技发展规划重大专项资助项目
Technology Roadmap for Chang'E Program
PEI Zhaoyu, WANG Qiong, TIAN Yaosi
Lunar Exploration and Space Engineering Center, Beijing 100037, China
Abstract:
The moon is the nearest celestial body of the earth. Because of its unique spatial position and broad prospects of scientific exploration, it has become the preferred objective and consecutive option of human space exploration and resource utilization. In this paper, at first the development and accomplishments of the world's major space powers on lunar exploration are retrospected, and their future development plans are summarized. Then the development idea and technology roadmaps for the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program are introduced in details. Finally future development direction of Chinese lunar exploration is analyzed and a concept of robotic lunar science station mission before 2030 is proposed.
Key words:  lunar exploration;technology roadmap;Chang'E program;robot;lunar science station