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载人小行星探测的总体方案设想
周必磊1,2, 陆希1,2, 尤伟1,2
1.上海市深空探测技术重点实验室, 上海 200240;2.上海卫星工程研究所, 上海 200240
摘要:
载人探测近地小行星的工程规模和技术难度介于载人探月和载人火星探测之间,是人类开展载人火星探测和飞向更遥远深空的跳板,对于航天技术的发展和科学问题的探索有着极其重要的意义。在调研国外载人小行星探测方案设想的基础上,结合我国航天技术现状和发展趋势,提出了一种载人小行星探测的总体方案设想,并梳理了载人小行星探测的关键技术。研究成果可以作为我国载人小行星探测任务论证和设计的有益参考。
关键词:  载人航天;小行星探测;总体方案;关键技术
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2015.01.006
分类号:
基金项目:
An Overall Scenario for Manned Asteroid Exploration
ZHOU Bilei1,2, LU Xi1,2, YOU Wei1,2
1.Shanghai Key Laboratory of Deep Space Exploration Technology, Shanghai 200240, China;2.Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, Shanghai 200240, China
Abstract:
The financial and technical feasibility of manned exploration to a near-Earth asteroid lies between manned lunar exploration and manned exploration of Mars. As a springboard from LEO to Mars or much farther beyond, manned near-Earth asteroid exploration is of great significance on scientific research and space technology development. Based on literature survey on envisaged schemes of manned asteroid exploration, a manned near-Earth asteroid exploration scenario is presented in this paper, taking current level and development trend of China's space technology into account. Key technologies of the recommended mission scheme are sorted out. The outcomes of this study can serve as a useful reference for definition and evaluation for China's practical manned asteroid missions.
Key words:  mannned space flight;asteroid exploration;overall scheme;key technology