引用本文:
【打印本页】   【HTML】   【下载PDF全文】   查看/发表评论  【EndNote】   【RefMan】   【BibTex】
←前一篇|后一篇→ 过刊浏览    高级检索
本文已被:浏览 3452次   下载 1558 本文二维码信息
码上扫一扫!
分享到: 微信 更多
嫦娥系列探月卫星无线电科学实验简介
平劲松1, 王明远1, 张素君1, 简念川2, 王震1, 鄢建国1, 孟桥3, 陈从颜3, 席禹豪3, 唐继斐3, 张天翼3, 李文潇1, 张洪波1, 汪敏4
1.中国科学院国家天文台月球与深空探测重点实验室;2.中国科学院上海天文台;3.东南大学空间学院;4.中国科学院云南天文台
摘要:
在“嫦娥1/2/3号”系列探测任务中开展了行星无线电科学探测实验,这些工作包括:使用天文VLBI 技术对探测器进行工程和科学测轨、定位观测,开环和闭环测速测距观测,基于微波观测重构和优化月球重力场模 型,通过重力异常揭示质量瘤和撞击盆地。星载或器载主/被动雷达设备还用于探测月壤和月球内部结构。在“嫦 娥2号”任务中,实现了对拉格朗日平动点利萨如轨道飞行的测控,以及对图塔蒂斯小行星的飞掠探测。在“嫦娥 3号”任务中,实现了多通道开环3向相位测距和多普勒测速技术。该月球无线电相位测距技术LRPR作为一种新 的空间测量技术,可以用于测定台站的位置、潮汐、星体的自转特性。还可以与月球激光测距技术LLR融合,监测 月球动力学运动变化,并有潜力用于未来的火星探测任务。
关键词:  无线电科学;嫦娥;月球探测;多普勒;VLBI
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2014.03.005
分类号:P691;V556.6
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2015CB857101)
Radio Science Experiments in Chang’e Series Missions
PING Jinsong1, WANG Mingyuan1, ZHANG Sujun1, JIAN Nianchuan2, WANG Zhen1, YAN Jianguo1, MENG Qiao3, CHEN Congyan3, XI Yuhao3, TANG Jife3, ZHANG Tianyi3, LI Wenxiao1, ZHANG Hongbo1, WANG Min4
1.Key Laboratory o fLunar and Deep Space Exploration,National Astronomical Observatories,CAS;2.Research Center for Geo-Astrodynamics,Shanghai Astronomical Observatory,CAS;3.Institute of Space,South-East University,Nanjing;4.Solar Radio Division,Yun nan Astronomical Observatory,CAS
Abstract:
Planetary radio science experiments have been carried out in Chinese lunar exploration missions of Chang’e-1/2/3. The astronomical VLBI technique was adopted for tracking and orbiting of the Chinese Chang’e 1 & 2 missions, and played an important role in positioning the orbit injection and hard landing. Besides the orbiters’ POD work and lander positioning work using open loop and close loop R&RR and VLBI tracking data, many other experiments have also been done. In orbiter missions, the lunar gravity field model was improved by using Chang’e-1 R&RR data, and new topographical features were discovered based on the new model. Also, the micro-wave passive method was used to study the lunar surface and sub-surface features. In extended mission of Chang’e-2, POD by R&RR and VLBI played the key role in L2 Lissajous orbit mission,and in Toutatis asteroid fly-by mission. In Chang’e-3 landing mission, a 3-way open loop lunar radio phase ranging and Doppler technique was suggested and tested. This method, called Lunar Radio Phase Ranging (LRPR) can be a new space geodetic technique to measure the station position, earth tide and rotation, lunar orbit, tide and liberation, by means of independent observation, or to work together with Lunar Laser Ranging. Also, it can be used in future Mars mission.
Key words:  radio;science;Chang’e;luna mission;Doppler;VLBI