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一种火星多模式组合探测任务设想
陈颖, 周璐, 王立
钱学森空间技术实验室,北京100094
摘要:
针对火星探测科学发现及任务创新需求,探索更先进的探测模式,提出了一种火星多模式组合探测任 务设想。该任务设想的特点在于结合了轨道环绕、表面着陆、多点穿透和浮空探测,获取立体多层多源信息,一次 任务实现深度科学探测。对火星开展多模式组合探测,不仅会开拓更加具有优势的火星探测新方式,发展新的探 测能力和技术,也会加深对火星的全面了解,提高探测活动的综合效果。多模式探测设想不仅适用于火星,对金 星、土星等地外天体探测也有很好的支撑作用。
关键词:  火星探测;多模式;立体组合探测
DOI:
分类号:V476.4
基金项目:国家863计划课题(2012AA121601)
A Conception of Mars Multi-mode Combination Exploration Mission
CHEN Ying, ZHOU Lu, WANG Li
QIANXuesen Laboratory of Space Technology,Beijing100094,China
Abstract:
Focusing on the requirements of scientific findings and Mars exploration mission innovations,and exploring advanced exploration modes,a novel scenario of Mars multi-mode combination exploration mission is proposed.Its characteristics rest with the combination of several exploration modes such as orbiting,landing,multi-point penetrating and ballooning,and consequently three-dimensional multi-layer and multi-source information is obtained and scientific exploration is carried out in depth through one mission. Therefore,Mars can be exploredin three-dimensional multi-mode combinational ways,which not only develops the capability and technology for exploration activity but also helps to get a good grasp of Mars and heighten a comprehensive effect of exploration activity.The design results of multi-mode combination exploration not only apply to Mars exploration but also help to explore other extraterrestrial bodies such as Venus and Saturn.
Key words:  Mars exploration;multi-mode;three-dimensional combination exploration