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火星地形测绘研究综述
徐青,耿迅,蓝朝祯,邢帅
1.信息工程大学地理空间信息学院,郑州450052;2.西安测绘信息技术总站,西安710054;3.北京理工大学深空探测技术研究所,北京100081
摘要:
火星地形测绘是开展火星科学研究的基础。介绍了与地形测绘相关的火星探测任务,并对地形测绘传感器进行了分析。阐述了火星地形测绘摄影测量数据处理的基本原理,研究了基于SPICE库建立火星表面线阵影像严密几何模型的方法。讨论了火星地形测绘摄影测量数据处理中的光束法平差、密集匹配以及多线阵拼接等关键技术。在总结现有火星地形测绘任务特点的基础上,针对我国开展火星地形测绘研究提出了建议。
关键词:  火星;行星地形测绘;摄影测量;线阵推扫式影像;行星数据系统
DOI:
分类号:P236
基金项目:国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)(2012CB720000);国家自然科学基金资助项目(41371436);中国博士后基金资助(2013M540870)
Review of Mars Topographic Mapping
XU Qing1, GENG Xun2, LAN Chaozhen3, XING Shuai4
1.Institute of Surveying and Mapping, Information Engineering University, Zhengzhou 450052, China;2.Technical Division of Surveying and Mapping, Xi' an 710054, China;3.Institute of Deep Space Exploration Technology, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081,China;4.Key Laboratory of Dynamics and Control of Flight Vehicle, Ministry of Education, Beijing 100081,China
Abstract:
Mars topographic mapping is the basis for scientific research of Mars. Firs街,Mars exploration tasks related to topographic mapping are introduced and the characteristics of mapping cameras are analyzed. Currently,the photogrammetric processing of stereo imagery is the main method to derive Mars topographic data, and the basic procedure of data processing and the conventional coordinate system of Mars are introduced as well. Then, the construction of rigorous geometric model of linear pushbroom imagery using SPICE kernels is discussed. The key techniques of photogrammetric processing for Mars topographic mapping such as bundle adjustment, dense image matching and montage of multi-linear CCD array are investigated. At last, some proposals are given to China on the Mars topographic mapping research.
Key words:  Mars; planetary topographic mapping; photogrammetry; linear pushbroom imagery; planetary data