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核动力航天器总体设计研究
周继时1, 李莎1, 刘磊2, 解家春3, 耿言1
1.探月与航天工程中心, 北京 100037;2.北京空间飞行器总体设计部, 北京 100094;3.中国原子能科学研究院, 北京 102413
摘要:
研制核动力航天器是最有希望实现更远深空探测的可靠技术途径。针对目前国内在核动力航天器总体设计方面存在研制规范欠缺、研制经验空白的形势,借鉴国外研制核动力航天器的成功经验,结合现有标准规范、一般航天器总体设计方法,提出了研制核动力航天器时,对工程总体、航天器总体进行设计的要点。特别是,针对空间核动力源及其安全防护,从核动力源设计、核安全设计两个方面,提出了关注要点和解决措施。本文的研究工作可以用于指导空间核动力航天器的研发和应用。
关键词:  核动力航天器;航天器设计;核动力源设计;空间核安全设计
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
分类号:
基金项目:国防科技工业技术基础科研资助项目(B4220130001)
Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft
ZHOU Jishi1, LI Sha1, LIU Lei2, XIE Jiachun3, GENG Yan1
1.Luna Exploration and Space Engineering Center, Beijing 100037, China;2.Beijing Institute of Spacecraft System Engineer, Beijing 100094, China;3.China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
Abstract:
Developing nuclear powered spacecraft is the most prospect and reliable technological approach to realize further deep space exploration. However, related development standards for integrated design of nuclear powered spacecraft have not been studied in China . Drwaing lessons from the foreign successful experience of the development of nuclear powered spacecraft, considering the existing standards and specifications as well as the general spacecraft design methods, the key design points were presented for developing nuclear powered spacecraft, including the Top-level Design group for engineering and Top-level Design group for spacecraft. Especially, for the utilization of space nuclear source and the safety protection, the key points and solutions for developing space nuclear source and nuclear safety design are proposed. All of these will be applied to the research and development of nuclear powered spacecraft.
Key words:  nuclear powered spacecraft;spacecraft design;nuclear power source design;space nuclear safety design