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核动力航天器总体设计研究

周继时 李莎 刘磊 解家春 耿言

周继时, 李莎, 刘磊, 解家春, 耿言. 核动力航天器总体设计研究[J]. 深空探测学报, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
引用本文: 周继时, 李莎, 刘磊, 解家春, 耿言. 核动力航天器总体设计研究[J]. 深空探测学报, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
ZHOU Jishi, LI Sha, LIU Lei, XIE Jiachun, GENG Yan. Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
Citation: ZHOU Jishi, LI Sha, LIU Lei, XIE Jiachun, GENG Yan. Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005

核动力航天器总体设计研究

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
基金项目: 国防科技工业技术基础科研资助项目(B4220130001)

Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft

  • 摘要: 研制核动力航天器是最有希望实现更远深空探测的可靠技术途径。针对目前国内在核动力航天器总体设计方面存在研制规范欠缺、研制经验空白的形势,借鉴国外研制核动力航天器的成功经验,结合现有标准规范、一般航天器总体设计方法,提出了研制核动力航天器时,对工程总体、航天器总体进行设计的要点。特别是,针对空间核动力源及其安全防护,从核动力源设计、核安全设计两个方面,提出了关注要点和解决措施。本文的研究工作可以用于指导空间核动力航天器的研发和应用。
  • [1] 周继时,朱安文,耿言. 空间核能源应用的安全性设计、分析和评价[J]. 深空探测学报,2015,2(4):302-312.
    Zhou J S,Zhu A W,Geng Y. Safety design,analysis and estimation for the use of nuclear power source in outer space[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration,2015,2(4):302-312.
    [2] 朱安文. 空间核电源国外调研分析报告[R]. 北京:中国航天科技集团,2013.
    Zhu A W. Investigation analysis report on nuclear power of space from abroad[R]. Beijing:China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation,2013.
    [3] Bennett G L,Enterprises M,Johnson E W,et al. First flights:nuclear power to advance space exploration[C]//Proceedings of International Air &Space Symposium and Exposition. [S.l.]:AIAA,2003:2-4.
    [4] Cataldo R L,Bennett G L. U. S. Space radioisotope power systems and applications:past,resent and future[R]. USA:NASA Glenn Research Center,2011.
    [5] Nikolai N P S,Vladimir A P,Veniamin A U. Russian experience in development of nuclear power system and nuclear thermal propulsion systems of the first generation as the basis for development of advanced power and propulsion complexes for peaceful exploration of near and deep space [R]. [S.l.]:IAC,2005
    [6] James R S,James S S. NASA's nuclear electric propulsion technology project [C]//The 28th Joint Propulsion Conference and Exhibit. [S.l.]:AIAA,1992
    [7] 李俊峰,宝音贺西. 深空探测中的动力学与控制[J]. 力学与实践,2007,2009(4):1-8.
    Li J F,Baoyin H X. Dynamics and control in deep space Exploration[J]. Mechanics in Engineering,2007,2009(4):1-8.
    [8] 李德平,潘自强. 辐射防护手册:辐射安全[M]. 北京:原子能出版社.
    [9] Albert C M,Haskin F E,Veniamin A U. Space nuclear safety [M]. Malabar(USA):KRIEGER Publishing Company,2008.
    [10] United Nations. Principles relevant to the use of nuclear power sources in outer space [C]//VIENNA:United Nations,85th Plenary Meeting. [S.l.]:United Nations,1992.
    [11] United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Use of Space Scientific and Technical Subcommittee and International Atomic Energy Agency. Safety framework for nuclear power sources applications in outer space [R]. VIENNA:United Nations,2009.
    [12] Bennett G L. Safety status of space radioisotope and reactor power sources [C]//Proceedings of the 25th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. New York:American Institute of Chemical Engineers,1990.
    [13] Damon D,Temme M,Brown N. Space nuclear reactor safety [C]//Proceedings of the 25th Intersociety Energy Conversion Engineering Conference. New York:American Institute of Chemical Engineers,1990.
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    [4] 徐浩, 裴福俊, 蒋宁.  一种基于李群描述的深空探测器姿态估计方法 . 深空探测学报, 2020, 7(1): 102-108. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20171117002
    [5] 胡文军, 刘继忠, 唐玉华, 陈军红, 张玮, 张哲, 李上明, 胡绍全.  空间同位素热/电源安全性技术指标体系框架研究 . 深空探测学报, 2020, 7(1): 73-80. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20190911001
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2017-03-28
  • 修回日期:  2017-05-02

核动力航天器总体设计研究

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
    基金项目:  国防科技工业技术基础科研资助项目(B4220130001)

摘要: 研制核动力航天器是最有希望实现更远深空探测的可靠技术途径。针对目前国内在核动力航天器总体设计方面存在研制规范欠缺、研制经验空白的形势,借鉴国外研制核动力航天器的成功经验,结合现有标准规范、一般航天器总体设计方法,提出了研制核动力航天器时,对工程总体、航天器总体进行设计的要点。特别是,针对空间核动力源及其安全防护,从核动力源设计、核安全设计两个方面,提出了关注要点和解决措施。本文的研究工作可以用于指导空间核动力航天器的研发和应用。

English Abstract

周继时, 李莎, 刘磊, 解家春, 耿言. 核动力航天器总体设计研究[J]. 深空探测学报, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
引用本文: 周继时, 李莎, 刘磊, 解家春, 耿言. 核动力航天器总体设计研究[J]. 深空探测学报, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
ZHOU Jishi, LI Sha, LIU Lei, XIE Jiachun, GENG Yan. Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
Citation: ZHOU Jishi, LI Sha, LIU Lei, XIE Jiachun, GENG Yan. Study on Overall Design of Nuclear Powered Spacecraft[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2017, 4(5): 444-452. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.005
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