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俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析

郭鹏 Vyacheslav VasilievichIVASHKIN 郎安琪 陈香贵 崔祜涛

郭鹏, Vyacheslav VasilievichIVASHKIN, 郎安琪, 陈香贵, 崔祜涛. 俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
引用本文: 郭鹏, Vyacheslav VasilievichIVASHKIN, 郎安琪, 陈香贵, 崔祜涛. 俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
GUO Peng, Vyacheslav Vasilievich IVASHKIN, LANG Anqi, CHEN Xianggui, CUI Hutao. Navigation and Orbit Determination Performance Analysis of the Russian Space System “NEBOSVOD” for Monitoring Near Earth Objects[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
Citation: GUO Peng, Vyacheslav Vasilievich IVASHKIN, LANG Anqi, CHEN Xianggui, CUI Hutao. Navigation and Orbit Determination Performance Analysis of the Russian Space System “NEBOSVOD” for Monitoring Near Earth Objects[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045

俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
详细信息
    作者简介:

    郭鹏(1990– ),男,讲师,主要研究方向:近地小行星监测与防御。通讯地址:哈尔滨市南岗区西大直街94号(150001)电话:(0451)86414151E-mail:guopengsktc@hit.edu.cn

    郎安琪(1988– ),女,讲师,主要研究方向:深空探测轨道设计优化和不规则小天体附近轨道动力学。本文通讯作者。通讯地址:陕西省西安市碑林区咸宁西路28号(710048)电话:(029)82668750E-mail:langanqi@xjtu.edu.cn

  • ● We analyze the navigation and orbit determination performance of the Russian space-based monitoring system "NEBOCVOD". ● We propose methods for orbit determination and accuracy analysis based on the space-based optical measurements. ● We present the simulation results on orbit determination accuracy when the "NEBOSVOD" system is assumed to monitor the asteroid Apophis, 2008TC3 and Chelyabinsk meteorite.

Navigation and Orbit Determination Performance Analysis of the Russian Space System “NEBOSVOD” for Monitoring Near Earth Objects

  • 摘要: 从光学可探测区域和小行星定轨精度等方面,对俄罗斯近地天体监测系统——“天穹”(NEBOCVOD)的导航定轨性能进行了分析评估。结合天基光学测量系统的特性,通过在日–地旋转坐标系下构建小行星的视星等等值曲线和视运动轨迹,设计了光学可探测区域分析方法;通过对系统的运动和测量进行建模,并考虑不确定性扰动参数的影响,提出了基于改进最小二乘法和协方差分析法进行目标定轨和精度分析评估方法;以危险近地小行星Apophis、2008TC3以及车里雅宾斯克陨石为例,模拟“天穹”系统对不同轨道类型和不同尺寸近地天体的观测和定轨过程,获得了多个导航测量弧段的仿真结果。分析结果表明,“天穹”系统可以有效观测到类似Apophis(直径约320 m)的中型小行星以及更小(直径约4~50 m)的包括从地球阳面飞临的近地天体,并获得足够高的导航定轨精度。相关的研究方法和仿真结果可为同类型天基监测系统的设计研究提供参考。
    Highlights
    ● We analyze the navigation and orbit determination performance of the Russian space-based monitoring system "NEBOCVOD". ● We propose methods for orbit determination and accuracy analysis based on the space-based optical measurements. ● We present the simulation results on orbit determination accuracy when the "NEBOSVOD" system is assumed to monitor the asteroid Apophis, 2008TC3 and Chelyabinsk meteorite.
  • 图  1  “天穹”(NEBOSVOD)系统

    Fig.  1  The “NEBOSVOD” system

    图  2  天体绝对星等H为20m~25m时望远镜的光学可探测区域

    Fig.  2  Optically detectable zones of the telescopes when the absolute magnitude H of a celestial body varies from 20m to 25m

    图  3  极限观测距离rmax与天体绝对星等H以及望远镜极限星等mp之间的变化关系

    Fig.  3  Evolution of the limit observation distance r max with the absolute magnitude H of celestial bodies and the limit magnitude mp of the telescopes

    图  4  天穹系统光学可探测区域分布和小行星Apophis视运动轨迹

    Fig.  4  Distribution of the optically detectable zones of the “NEBOSVOD” system with the apparent motion trajectories of the asteroid Apophis

    图  5  矢量误差δbB平面内的散布椭圆(3σ

    虚线对应协方差分析法,实线对应蒙特卡洛数值法近程段由SC-1进行测量,σ1=0.2",Δt=4 h,σ(x, y, z)=1 km

    Fig.  5  Dispersion ellipse (3 s ) of the error vector δ b in the B plane

    图  6  定轨精度δb随测量区间的变化关系(中程段由SC-1&2进行测量,σ1 =0.2'',Δt =12 h;1 d;5d)

    Fig.  6  Evolution of the orbit determination accuracy δb with the measurement interval (the measurements are made in the medium-range section by SC-1&2, σ1= 0.2", Δt =12 h; 1 d; 5d)

    图  7  不同望远镜组合测量时定轨精度δb随测量区间的变化关系(中程段,σ1= 0.2'',Δt =12 h)

    Fig.  7  Evolution of the orbit determination accuracy d b with the measurement interval when the measurements are made in the medium-range section by different combinations of telescopes, σ1= 0.2", Δt =12 h

    图  8  中程导航段定轨精度δb、δtсδλcδφc随测量区间的变化关系(自撞击前1.7 a起由SC-1和SC-2进行同步测量,σ1=0.2'',Δt =1 d;5 d;10 d)

    Fig.  8  Evolution of the orbit determination accuracy δbδtсδλcδφcwith measurement interval in the medium-range navigation section (Measurements are carried out synchronously by SC-1 and SC-2 from 1.7 years before the impact, σ1=0.2'',Δt =1 d; 5 d; 10 d)

    图  9  小行星2008TC3 和车里雅宾斯克陨石飞临地球时的视运动轨迹以及望远镜的光学可探测区域(心形阴影部分)

    Fig.  9  Apparent motion trajectories of the asteroid 2008TC3 and Chelyabinsk meteorite when approaching the Earth and the optically detectable zones of the telescopes (heart-shaped shadow)

    表  1  天穹系统望远镜初始轨道参数取值

    Table  1  Assumed initial orbital parameters of the telescopes of the “NEBOSVOD” system

    轨道参数SC-1SC-2SC-3SC-4
    a/km42 164149 598 261.141 44
    e0.042 358 410.016 711 23
    i/(°)11120.000 05
    ω/(°)0114.207 83
    Ω/(°)194.083 6294.083 6348.739 36
    ΩG/(°)35135
    tπ(UTC时间)2029-01-03tπe –15.6 dtπe +15.6 d
    下载: 导出CSV
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俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
    作者简介:

    郭鹏(1990– ),男,讲师,主要研究方向:近地小行星监测与防御。通讯地址:哈尔滨市南岗区西大直街94号(150001)电话:(0451)86414151E-mail:guopengsktc@hit.edu.cn

    郎安琪(1988– ),女,讲师,主要研究方向:深空探测轨道设计优化和不规则小天体附近轨道动力学。本文通讯作者。通讯地址:陕西省西安市碑林区咸宁西路28号(710048)电话:(029)82668750E-mail:langanqi@xjtu.edu.cn

  • ● We analyze the navigation and orbit determination performance of the Russian space-based monitoring system "NEBOCVOD". ● We propose methods for orbit determination and accuracy analysis based on the space-based optical measurements. ● We present the simulation results on orbit determination accuracy when the "NEBOSVOD" system is assumed to monitor the asteroid Apophis, 2008TC3 and Chelyabinsk meteorite.

摘要: 从光学可探测区域和小行星定轨精度等方面,对俄罗斯近地天体监测系统——“天穹”(NEBOCVOD)的导航定轨性能进行了分析评估。结合天基光学测量系统的特性,通过在日–地旋转坐标系下构建小行星的视星等等值曲线和视运动轨迹,设计了光学可探测区域分析方法;通过对系统的运动和测量进行建模,并考虑不确定性扰动参数的影响,提出了基于改进最小二乘法和协方差分析法进行目标定轨和精度分析评估方法;以危险近地小行星Apophis、2008TC3以及车里雅宾斯克陨石为例,模拟“天穹”系统对不同轨道类型和不同尺寸近地天体的观测和定轨过程,获得了多个导航测量弧段的仿真结果。分析结果表明,“天穹”系统可以有效观测到类似Apophis(直径约320 m)的中型小行星以及更小(直径约4~50 m)的包括从地球阳面飞临的近地天体,并获得足够高的导航定轨精度。相关的研究方法和仿真结果可为同类型天基监测系统的设计研究提供参考。

注释:
1)  ● We analyze the navigation and orbit determination performance of the Russian space-based monitoring system "NEBOCVOD". ● We propose methods for orbit determination and accuracy analysis based on the space-based optical measurements. ● We present the simulation results on orbit determination accuracy when the "NEBOSVOD" system is assumed to monitor the asteroid Apophis, 2008TC3 and Chelyabinsk meteorite.

English Abstract

郭鹏, Vyacheslav VasilievichIVASHKIN, 郎安琪, 陈香贵, 崔祜涛. 俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
引用本文: 郭鹏, Vyacheslav VasilievichIVASHKIN, 郎安琪, 陈香贵, 崔祜涛. 俄罗斯近地天体监测系统“NEBOSVOD”导航定轨性能分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
GUO Peng, Vyacheslav Vasilievich IVASHKIN, LANG Anqi, CHEN Xianggui, CUI Hutao. Navigation and Orbit Determination Performance Analysis of the Russian Space System “NEBOSVOD” for Monitoring Near Earth Objects[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
Citation: GUO Peng, Vyacheslav Vasilievich IVASHKIN, LANG Anqi, CHEN Xianggui, CUI Hutao. Navigation and Orbit Determination Performance Analysis of the Russian Space System “NEBOSVOD” for Monitoring Near Earth Objects[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2022.20220045
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