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孟林智, 董捷, 许映乔, 王硕. 无人火星取样返回任务关键环节分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2016, 3(2): 114-120,128. DOI: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.02.003
引用本文: 孟林智, 董捷, 许映乔, 王硕. 无人火星取样返回任务关键环节分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2016, 3(2): 114-120,128. DOI: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.02.003
MENG Linzhi, DONG Jie, XU Yingqiao, WANG Shuo. Analysis of Key Technologies for Unmanned Mars Sample Return Mission[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2016, 3(2): 114-120,128. DOI: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.02.003
Citation: MENG Linzhi, DONG Jie, XU Yingqiao, WANG Shuo. Analysis of Key Technologies for Unmanned Mars Sample Return Mission[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2016, 3(2): 114-120,128. DOI: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2016.02.003

无人火星取样返回任务关键环节分析

Analysis of Key Technologies for Unmanned Mars Sample Return Mission

  • 摘要: 无人火星取样返回探测在科学成果获取和工程能力提升方面均具有重要意义,与国外已经多次实现的火星着陆巡视任务相比,其任务周期更长,技术风险更高。取样返回飞行方式决定了任务的系统顶层设计。通过对国外研究成果的对比论证,认为应当在火星轨道附近完成交会捕获与样品转移任务,因此需要采用2个不同功能探测器:一个完成火星捕获、样品转移收纳与火地返回;另一个完成火星大气进入、表面上升与样品投送。在此基础上对大气进入、起飞上升、火星轨道交会捕获、样品转移、地球再入等关键环节进行任务分析,论证主要技术难点和初步的可实现途径。

     

    Abstract: Unmanned Mars sample return mission is of great significance to obtain scientific results and improve engineering ability. The mission period is longer and technical risk is higher compared with several foreign Mars landing and roving missions. The top-level system design is determined by the mission flight mode. The rendezvous capture and sample transfer process should be completed near the Mars orbit. Therefore, two probes with different functions are required:one is used to perform Mars capture, sample storage and Mars-Earth transfer, the other to complete EDL process, Mars surface ascent and sample delivery. Such key issues as EDL mode, Mars ascent vehicle, Mars orbit rendezvous and capture, sample transfer, earth entry vehicle, system scales, rocket selection, etc. are analyzed in this paper. The main technical difficulty and solution approaches are discussed.

     

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