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我国首次火星探测任务
耿言1, 周继时1, 李莎1, 付中梁1, 孟林智2, 刘建军3, 王海鹏4
1.探月与航天工程中心, 北京 100190;2.中国空间技术研究院总体部, 北京 100094;3.中国科学院 国家天文台, 北京 100012;4.上海卫星工程研究所, 上海 201109
摘要:
我国首次火星探测任务于2016年立项实施。综合介绍了国际火星探测的历史和现状,我国首次火星探测任务的工程目标和科学目标、总体技术方案、关键技术难点、预期创新成果。我国首次火星探测任务将通过一次发射,实现火星环绕和着陆巡视,对火星开展全球性普查和局部的精细探测,推进火星地形地貌与地质构造、土壤特征与水冰分布、表明物质组成、大气电离层和气候环境、物理场与内部构造等方面的研究。实现火星探测任务目标,针对火星探测面临的各种特殊环境,需突破长期自主管理与控制等8类关键技术,取得的一系列创新成果,将为我国建立独立自主的深空探测基础工程体系,掌握深空探测基础共性技术,形成开展深空探测的基础工程能力。
关键词:  火星探测;任务目标;总体方案;关键技术;创新成果
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2018.05.001
分类号:V57
基金项目:
A Brief Introduction of the First Mars Exploration Mission in China
GENG Yan1, ZHOU Jishi1, LI Sha1, FU Zhongliang1, MENG Linzhi2, LIU Jianjun3, Wang Haipeng4
1.Lunar Exploration and Space Program Center, Beijing 100190, China;2.China Academy of Space Technology, Beijing 100094, China;3.National Astronomical Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, China;4.Shanghai Institute of Satellite Engineering, Shanghai 201109, China
Abstract:
The first Mars Exploration in China was approved in 2016. First, the history of international Mars exploration is reviewed. Then the engineering and scientific goals, overall technical porposal, key technologies and prospective innovation results of Chinese Mars exploration are introduced. The first Mars Exploration in China will archive Martian orbiting, landing and patrol, and carry out global general survey and partial fine investigation by one launch mission, promoting the research of Mars landform and geological structure, soil characteristics and water-ice distribution, surface material composition, atomospheric ionosphere and climate enviroment, physical field and internal structure, etc. Facing various special environments for Mars exploration, it is necessary to make breakthrough of 8 key technologies such as long-term autonomous control and management, and etc.. Through the Mars Exploration, a series of innovative results will be achieved, a series of common core technologies will be mastered and the independent fundamental engineering system of deep space exploration will be established, and then the fundamental engineering ability will be formed to carry out deep space exploration.
Key words:  Mars Exploration;mission goals;overall technical porposal;key technologies;innovation results