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空间核反应堆电源技术概览
胡古, 赵守智
中国原子能科学研究院, 北京 102413
摘要:
空间核反应堆电源具有环境适应性好、功率覆盖范围广、结构紧凑以及大功率条件下质量功率比小等突出优点,在军民航天任务中具有广阔的应用前景,是改变未来航天动力格局的颠覆性技术之一。对空间核反应堆电源的原理、特点、适用范围、应用前景、历史发展情况及现状、典型方案、应用安全等进行了系统介绍,对技术发展趋势进行了分析总结,并就我国该技术发展给出一些见解。
关键词:  空间核反应堆电源;航天任务;颠覆性技术
DOI:10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2017.05.004
分类号:
基金项目:
Overview of Space Nuclear Reactor Power Technology
HU Gu, ZHAO Shouzhi
Department of Reactor Engineering Technology, China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
Abstract:
Space nuclear reactor power(SNRP)has many advantages,such as good environmental adaptability,wide power coverage,compact and small specific mass under high power conditions. SNRP has broad application prospects in military and civilian space missions,and is one of the disruptive technologies which will change the future pattern of aerospace power. In this paper,the principle,characteristics,application scopes,application prospects,development history and current situation,typical projects,application safety of SNRP are introduced. The development trends of SNRP technology are analyzed. Some insights are also given to the SNRP development in China.
Key words:  space nuclear reactor power;space missions;disruptive technologies