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VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用

洪晓瑜 张秀忠 郑为民 王广利 刘庆会 王娜 张洪波 汪敏 舒逢春

洪晓瑜, 张秀忠, 郑为民, 王广利, 刘庆会, 王娜, 张洪波, 汪敏, 舒逢春. VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文).
引用本文: 洪晓瑜, 张秀忠, 郑为民, 王广利, 刘庆会, 王娜, 张洪波, 汪敏, 舒逢春. VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文).
HONG Xiaoyu, ZHNAG Xiuzhong, ZHENG Weimin, WANG Guangli, LIU Qinghui, WANG Na, ZHANG Hongbo, WANG Min, SHU Fengchun. Application of VLBI Technology in China Lunar Exploration Project[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration.
Citation: HONG Xiaoyu, ZHNAG Xiuzhong, ZHENG Weimin, WANG Guangli, LIU Qinghui, WANG Na, ZHANG Hongbo, WANG Min, SHU Fengchun. Application of VLBI Technology in China Lunar Exploration Project[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration.

VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用

基金项目: 探月工程资助项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    洪晓瑜(1961– ),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向:VLBI技术在天体物理研究和月球与深空探测的应用。通讯地址:中科院上海天文台(200030)电话:(021)34775587 E-mail:xhong@shao.ac.cn

  • ● Established real time VLBI navigation system for CLEP. ● Developed ΔDOR technology at X- and S-band. ● Developed the orbit determination technology with VLBI data.
  • 中图分类号: P135,P164

Application of VLBI Technology in China Lunar Exploration Project

  • 摘要: 我国探月工程将具有测距、测速能力的统一S波段测控(United S-Band,USB)系统和具有高精度测角能力的甚长基线干涉(Very Long Base Interferometry,VLBI)技术系统地结合起来,承担对月球探测器测轨和定轨任务。简要回顾VLBI技术发展,主要介绍了VLBI技术在我国探月工程的应用,总结和分析了在工程应用中的关键技术。VLBI测轨分系统圆满完成了月球探测的测定轨和定位任务,也为后续的月球及行星探测奠定了坚实的基础。
    Highlights
    ● Established real time VLBI navigation system for CLEP. ● Developed ΔDOR technology at X- and S-band. ● Developed the orbit determination technology with VLBI data.
  • 图  1  VLBI测轨分系统工作的流程

    Fig.  1  The working process of track subsystem

    图  2  VLBI中心的数据处理流程

    Fig.  2  Data processing flow of VLBI center

    图  3  VLBI台站设备组成框图

    Fig.  3  Block diagram of station equipment

    图  4  VLBI中心数据处理流程框架

    Fig.  4  The data processing process framework in Shanghai VLBI center

    表  1  VLBI测轨分系统台站的系统灵敏度和系统噪声温度

    Table  1  The sensitivities and the system temperatures of the 5 stations of VLBI tracking system

    观测站密云昆明南山天马佘山
    波段S/XS/XS/XS/XS/X
    SEFD/Jy253/247395/384890/37397/421 348/723
    Tsys/K80/6080/6070/3060/30120/40
    下载: 导出CSV

    表  2  上海天文台各型号氢原子钟典型性能指标对比

    Table  2  Comparison of typical performance indexes of each type of hydrogen maser of Shanghai Astronomical Observatory

    项目\性能指标SOHM-3型SOHM-4型SOHM-4A型
    频率稳定度1s1 × 10−126 × 10−133 × 10−13
    10s2 × 10−138 × 10−146 × 10−14
    100s5 × 10−143 × 10−141 × 10−14
    1000s2 × 10−149 × 10−155 × 10−15
    10000s1 × 10−147 × 10−152 × 10−15
    86 400 s3 × 10−147 × 10−152 × 10−15
    频率漂移率/天 ≤ 3 × 10−14 ≤ 1 × 10−14 ≤ 2 × 10−15
    MTBF/h ≥ 5 000 ≥ 5 000 ≥ 10 000
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-06-05
  • 修回日期:  2020-06-22
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-10-10

VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用

    基金项目:  探月工程资助项目
    作者简介:

    洪晓瑜(1961– ),男,研究员,博士生导师,主要研究方向:VLBI技术在天体物理研究和月球与深空探测的应用。通讯地址:中科院上海天文台(200030)电话:(021)34775587 E-mail:xhong@shao.ac.cn

  • ● Established real time VLBI navigation system for CLEP. ● Developed ΔDOR technology at X- and S-band. ● Developed the orbit determination technology with VLBI data.
  • 中图分类号: P135,P164

摘要: 我国探月工程将具有测距、测速能力的统一S波段测控(United S-Band,USB)系统和具有高精度测角能力的甚长基线干涉(Very Long Base Interferometry,VLBI)技术系统地结合起来,承担对月球探测器测轨和定轨任务。简要回顾VLBI技术发展,主要介绍了VLBI技术在我国探月工程的应用,总结和分析了在工程应用中的关键技术。VLBI测轨分系统圆满完成了月球探测的测定轨和定位任务,也为后续的月球及行星探测奠定了坚实的基础。

注释:
1)  ● Established real time VLBI navigation system for CLEP. ● Developed ΔDOR technology at X- and S-band. ● Developed the orbit determination technology with VLBI data.

English Abstract

洪晓瑜, 张秀忠, 郑为民, 王广利, 刘庆会, 王娜, 张洪波, 汪敏, 舒逢春. VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文).
引用本文: 洪晓瑜, 张秀忠, 郑为民, 王广利, 刘庆会, 王娜, 张洪波, 汪敏, 舒逢春. VLBI技术在中国探月工程的应用[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文).
HONG Xiaoyu, ZHNAG Xiuzhong, ZHENG Weimin, WANG Guangli, LIU Qinghui, WANG Na, ZHANG Hongbo, WANG Min, SHU Fengchun. Application of VLBI Technology in China Lunar Exploration Project[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration.
Citation: HONG Xiaoyu, ZHNAG Xiuzhong, ZHENG Weimin, WANG Guangli, LIU Qinghui, WANG Na, ZHANG Hongbo, WANG Min, SHU Fengchun. Application of VLBI Technology in China Lunar Exploration Project[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration.
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