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Prospects of Yacon (Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) Using for Astronauts Life Support

Lidiya Mishchenko Olga Molodchenkova Alina Dunich Ivan Mishchenko Anna Dashchenko

LidiyaMishchenko, Olga Molodchenkova, AlinaDunich, IvanMishchenko, AnnaDashchenko. 亚贡用于宇航员生命支持的前景[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
引用本文: LidiyaMishchenko, Olga Molodchenkova, AlinaDunich, IvanMishchenko, AnnaDashchenko. 亚贡用于宇航员生命支持的前景[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
Reference format: MISHCHENKO L,MOLODCHENKOVA O,DUNICH A,et al. Prospects of Yacon ( Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) using for astronauts life support[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration,2020,7 (5) :508-514 doi:  10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
Citation: Reference format: MISHCHENKO L,MOLODCHENKOVA O,DUNICH A,et al. Prospects of Yacon ( Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) using for astronauts life support[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration,2020,7 (5) :508-514 doi:  10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001

亚贡用于宇航员生命支持的前景

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001

Prospects of Yacon (Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) Using for Astronauts Life Support

  • 摘要: 在长期的载人航天飞行中,生物生命维持系统是必需的,因此食物成为最重要的一种工具。植物是生物活性化合物的可获取来源。缺乏抗氧化剂会降低身体的功能活性。蔬菜类食物,包括非传统的和药用作物,是人类最主要和最经济的抗氧化剂来源。亚贡(Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.),是乌克兰最有前途的引种品种之一,近来开始在乌克兰作为蔬菜作物种植。这种植物的叶子中含有的高浓度的类黄酮、绿原酸、咖啡酸、硒、维生素、矿物质,使其具有很强的抗氧化性能。研究表明,亚贡块茎含糖量高,其中大部分为果糖(超过60%)。大部分果糖和糖类存在于生长在基辅地区的块茎中。在波尔塔瓦地区,叶尖中基于绿原酸的HCA含量高达4.5% DW。在基辅地区生长的植物(茎繁殖)的块根中,其含量最高(2.3%)。亚贡不同部位的生物化学成分证明,它有希望为宇航员提供多样化和健康的营养,以支持他们的长期太空任务。
  • Fig.  1  Yacon reached a height of more than 160 cm, Kyiv region, September 23, 2016

    Fig.  2  The Yacon plant has just been dug, October,7, 2018, Kyiv region

    Fig.  3  Root tubers of different shapes, 2018, Kyiv region

    Table  1  Total content of biologically active substances in Yacon plants cultivated in different agro-ecological conditions, 2018

    Plant sample/
    variant of growing
    Fructosans/(%)Sugar/(%)Flavonoids/(µg·g−1HCA/(%)Cellulose/(%)Ash/(%)
    Root tubers:
    169,3 ± 0,494,3 ± 0,5168 ± 0,61,5 ± 0,052,5 ± 0,027,5 ± 1,4
    67,9 ± 1,384,4 ± 0,880 ± 0,50,7 ± 0,024,6 ± 0.0413,4 ± 1.5
    2b63,2 ± 1,488,6 ± 0,797 ± 1,20,9 ± 0,034,2 ± 0,046,7 ± 1,1
    365,8 ± 1,586,8 ± 0,882 ± 1,10,7 ± 0,013,3 ± 0,036,9 ± 0,7
    Peel of root tubers
    141,6 ± 0.358,1 ± 0,7 064 ± 1,31,9 ± 0,026,5 ± 0,057,6 ± 0,7
    2a39,2 ± 0,575,3 ± 0,672 ± 1,51,5 ± 0,035,2 ± 0,049,1 ± 1,2
    2b39,1 ± 0,463,8 ± 0,874 ± 1,11,8 ± 0,065,3 ± 0.037,2 ± 0,9
    356,1 ± 1,170,7 ± 0,967 ± 0,82,1 ± 0,054,8 ± 0,028,1 ± 0,8
    Rhizome
    140,2 ± 1,059,1 ± 0,9134 ± 2, 34,1 ± 0.0411,2 ± 0,7-8,7 ± 0,4-
    2a48,6 ± 0,976,2 ± 1,191 ± 1,52,2 ± 0,0213,7 ± 0,86,5 ± 0,5
    2b51,0 ± 1,279,2 ± 1,3198 ± 2,23,6 ± 0,0410,5 ± 1,110,5 ± 0,6
    339,7 ± 1,162,4 ± 0,9107 ± 1,82,3 ± 0,0510,6 ± 0,95,5 ± 0,4
    Leaves
    13159 ± 10,52,6 ± 0,02
    3225 ± 11,22,9 ± 0,03
    2b3349 ± 9,53,9 ± 0,04
    33264 ± 10,13,7 ± 0,06
    3 – 30.09.184,5 ± 0,05
    Note: 1 – Kyiv region, 2 а – Kyiv, ESC “Institute of Biology and Medicine” experimental field; 2b – Kyiv, National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine (NULESU), Botanical Garden; 3 – Poltava region; “- ” – did not detect.
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  • [1] MOROZOV G I. Design of biotechnical systems of life support of astronauts[M]. Moscow: Mai-Print, 2010: 188 .
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    [4] MSHCHENKO L T. New vegetable and medicinal culture in Ukraine[J]. Scientific Journal of National University of Life and Environmental Sciences, Series Agronomy,2012,180:250-256.
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    [6] GINS M S, GINS V K, KONONKOV P F, et al. Phenolic compounds and fructosans in yacon (Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.) cultivar introduced in Ukraine, and in other Asteraceae plants as influenced by growth conditions, viral and phytophage injury[J]. Agricultural Biology,2015,50(5):628-636.
    [7] DASHCHENKO A V, NOVOZHYLOV V V, GLUSHCHENKO L A, et al. New promising introducer (Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.) for medicinal planting in Ukraine[J]. Agroecology journal,2016(2):39-46.
    [8] NEMERYSHYNA O N, GUSEV N F, FILIPOVA A V. The content of trace elements and low molecular weight antioxidants in tea[J]. Chemistry of Plant Raw Materials,2014(2):155-168. doi:  10.14258/jcprm.1402155
    [9] MISHCHENKO L T, DUNICH A A, OSTAPCHENKO L I, et al. Phytotea hypoglycemic with yacon: Ukrainian, No. 86475[P]. 2013-12-25.
    [10] YAN M R, WELCH R, RUSH E C, et al. A Sustainable wholesome foodstuff; health effects and potential dietotherapy applications of yacon[J]. Nutrients,2019,11:2632. doi:  10.3390/nu11112632
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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2019-11-11
  • 修回日期:  2019-11-30
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-12-17

Prospects of Yacon (Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) Using for Astronauts Life Support

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001

摘要: 在长期的载人航天飞行中,生物生命维持系统是必需的,因此食物成为最重要的一种工具。植物是生物活性化合物的可获取来源。缺乏抗氧化剂会降低身体的功能活性。蔬菜类食物,包括非传统的和药用作物,是人类最主要和最经济的抗氧化剂来源。亚贡(Polymnia sonchifolia Poepp. & Endl.),是乌克兰最有前途的引种品种之一,近来开始在乌克兰作为蔬菜作物种植。这种植物的叶子中含有的高浓度的类黄酮、绿原酸、咖啡酸、硒、维生素、矿物质,使其具有很强的抗氧化性能。研究表明,亚贡块茎含糖量高,其中大部分为果糖(超过60%)。大部分果糖和糖类存在于生长在基辅地区的块茎中。在波尔塔瓦地区,叶尖中基于绿原酸的HCA含量高达4.5% DW。在基辅地区生长的植物(茎繁殖)的块根中,其含量最高(2.3%)。亚贡不同部位的生物化学成分证明,它有希望为宇航员提供多样化和健康的营养,以支持他们的长期太空任务。

English Abstract

LidiyaMishchenko, Olga Molodchenkova, AlinaDunich, IvanMishchenko, AnnaDashchenko. 亚贡用于宇航员生命支持的前景[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
引用本文: LidiyaMishchenko, Olga Molodchenkova, AlinaDunich, IvanMishchenko, AnnaDashchenko. 亚贡用于宇航员生命支持的前景[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
Reference format: MISHCHENKO L,MOLODCHENKOVA O,DUNICH A,et al. Prospects of Yacon ( Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) using for astronauts life support[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration,2020,7 (5) :508-514 doi:  10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
Citation: Reference format: MISHCHENKO L,MOLODCHENKOVA O,DUNICH A,et al. Prospects of Yacon ( Polymnia Sohchifolia Poepp. & Endl) using for astronauts life support[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration,2020,7 (5) :508-514 doi:  10.15982/j.issn.2096-9287.2020.20191111001
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