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Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析

张旭旺 王文灿 马文起 陈少卿 刘友永

张旭旺, 王文灿, 马文起, 陈少卿, 刘友永. Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
引用本文: 张旭旺, 王文灿, 马文起, 陈少卿, 刘友永. Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
ZHANG Xuwang, ZHANG Wencan, MA Wenqi, CHEN Shaoqing, LIU Youyong. Analysis on Space Power Synthesis Performance of Deep Space Antenna Array[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
Citation: ZHANG Xuwang, ZHANG Wencan, MA Wenqi, CHEN Shaoqing, LIU Youyong. Analysis on Space Power Synthesis Performance of Deep Space Antenna Array[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052

Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金资助项目
详细信息
    作者简介:

    张旭旺(1990– ),男,中级工程师,主要研究方向:深空探测、雷达信号处理。通讯地址:河北省石家庄市中山西路589号中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所(050081)电话:(0311)86928426,18830672122 E-mail:buaaeezxw@163.com

  • ● The effect of time delay and phase compensation error on the space power synthesis performance is analyzed. ● The effect of formation of antenna array on the position and amplitude characteristics of grating lobes is studied.

Analysis on Space Power Synthesis Performance of Deep Space Antenna Array

  • 摘要: 深空天线组阵是实现极远距离深空探测和通信的重要手段之一。基于天线组阵的信号模型,深入研究了深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性,分析了各天线信号的时延及相位补偿误差对空间功率合成性能的影响,并研究了天线组阵的阵型对栅瓣位置及幅度特征的影响。仿真试验结果表明:均匀分布方形天线组阵的栅瓣分布均匀且幅度较大,随着天线组阵非均匀分布程度的增加,栅瓣会变得散乱分布且幅度降低,但主瓣的变化并不明显。圆形天线组阵的栅瓣分布比较散乱,而L形天线组阵的主瓣和栅瓣均为椭圆形。为深空天线组阵系统的设计提供了一定的参考。
    Highlights
    ● The effect of time delay and phase compensation error on the space power synthesis performance is analyzed. ● The effect of formation of antenna array on the position and amplitude characteristics of grating lobes is studied.
  • 图  1  信噪比增益损失随基带时延补偿误差和载波相位补偿误差变化的情况

    Fig.  1  Loss of SNR gain varies with the compensation error of baseband time delay and the compensation error of carrier phase

    图  2  信噪比增益损失随基带时延补偿误差和载波相位补偿误差变化的情况

    Fig.  2  Loss of SNR gain varies with the compensation error of baseband time delay and the compensation error of carrier phase

    图  3  抛物面天线示意图

    Fig.  3  Schematic of parabolic antenna

    图  4  二维均匀阵列布局图

    Fig.  4  Layout of a two-dimensional uniformly distributed array

    图  5  球坐标系与直角坐标系之间的转换关系

    Fig.  5  Transformation relationship between the spherical coordinate and the rectangular coordinate

    图  6  均匀分布天线组阵的方向图

    Fig.  6  Pattern of a uniformly distributed antenna array

    图  7  非均匀分布天线组阵的合成方向图

    Fig.  7  Synthesis pattern of a non-uniformly distributed antenna array

    图  8  圆形天线组阵的方向图

    Fig.  8  Pattern of a circular antenna array

    图  9  L形天线组阵的方向图

    Fig.  9  Pattern of a L-shaped antenna array

    表  1  均匀分布天线组阵部分栅瓣的位置

    Table  1  Position of some gate valves of uniformly distributed antenna array

    (°)
    序号预测值仿真值
    方位角俯仰角方位角俯仰角
    100.167 900.165
    200.335 700.33
    30.167 900.1650
    40.335 700.330
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2020-07-01
  • 修回日期:  2020-08-15
  • 网络出版日期:  2020-09-25

Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
    基金项目:  国家自然科学基金资助项目
    作者简介:

    张旭旺(1990– ),男,中级工程师,主要研究方向:深空探测、雷达信号处理。通讯地址:河北省石家庄市中山西路589号中国电子科技集团公司第五十四研究所(050081)电话:(0311)86928426,18830672122 E-mail:buaaeezxw@163.com

  • ● The effect of time delay and phase compensation error on the space power synthesis performance is analyzed. ● The effect of formation of antenna array on the position and amplitude characteristics of grating lobes is studied.

摘要: 深空天线组阵是实现极远距离深空探测和通信的重要手段之一。基于天线组阵的信号模型,深入研究了深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性,分析了各天线信号的时延及相位补偿误差对空间功率合成性能的影响,并研究了天线组阵的阵型对栅瓣位置及幅度特征的影响。仿真试验结果表明:均匀分布方形天线组阵的栅瓣分布均匀且幅度较大,随着天线组阵非均匀分布程度的增加,栅瓣会变得散乱分布且幅度降低,但主瓣的变化并不明显。圆形天线组阵的栅瓣分布比较散乱,而L形天线组阵的主瓣和栅瓣均为椭圆形。为深空天线组阵系统的设计提供了一定的参考。

注释:
1)  ● The effect of time delay and phase compensation error on the space power synthesis performance is analyzed. ● The effect of formation of antenna array on the position and amplitude characteristics of grating lobes is studied.

English Abstract

张旭旺, 王文灿, 马文起, 陈少卿, 刘友永. Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
引用本文: 张旭旺, 王文灿, 马文起, 陈少卿, 刘友永. Shenk深空天线组阵的空间功率合成特性分析[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
ZHANG Xuwang, ZHANG Wencan, MA Wenqi, CHEN Shaoqing, LIU Youyong. Analysis on Space Power Synthesis Performance of Deep Space Antenna Array[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
Citation: ZHANG Xuwang, ZHANG Wencan, MA Wenqi, CHEN Shaoqing, LIU Youyong. Analysis on Space Power Synthesis Performance of Deep Space Antenna Array[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20200052
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