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深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势

刘红 姚智恺 付玉明

刘红, 姚智恺, 付玉明. 深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
引用本文: 刘红, 姚智恺, 付玉明. 深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
LIU Hong, YAO Zhikai, FU Yuming. Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
Citation: LIU Hong, YAO Zhikai, FU Yuming. Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001

深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
基金项目: 载人航天预先研究项目(020302)
详细信息
    通讯作者:

    刘红(1964– ),女,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:特殊环境生命保障和生物安全、光生物学与光保健、肠道微生物学与精神健康、高端植物工厂。本文通讯作者。通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号北京航空航天大学逸夫馆424(100083)E-mail:Lh64@buaa.edu.cn 电话:(010) 82339837

  • ● The research status of bio-regenerative life support systems around the world are summarized. ● The key points and difficulty of bio-regenerative life support system are analyzed. ● The bio-regenerative life support system of ground based facility “Lunar Palace 1” and its achievements are presented.
  • 中图分类号: V11

Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration

  • 摘要: 生物再生生命保障系统是月球基地、载人登陆火星和火星基地等长时间、远距离的载人航天活动的关键技术之一。梳理了生物再生生命保障系统的理论与技术体系,综述了自20世纪60年代至今,俄罗斯、美国、欧洲、日本、中国等国家与组织在该领域从生物单元到系统集成研究,再到有人密闭实验的研究进展,以及微型水生生物系统的空间实验的尝试。提出了生物再生生命保障系统的发展路径,指出小型陆生生态系统的空间实验是将该项技术真正应用于太空所需的关键环节,分析了该项技术未来发展趋势及其地面应用前景。
    Highlights
    ● The research status of bio-regenerative life support systems around the world are summarized. ● The key points and difficulty of bio-regenerative life support system are analyzed. ● The bio-regenerative life support system of ground based facility “Lunar Palace 1” and its achievements are presented.
  • 图  1  BLSS的物质循环

    Fig.  1  Regenerations in BLSS

    图  2  生物再生生命保障系统研究涉及的学科领域

    Fig.  2  Fields of BLSS research

    图  3  BLSS理论与技术体系

    Fig.  3  Theoretical and technological system of BLSS

    图  4  BIOS-3系统(俄罗斯)[1]

    Fig.  4  BIOS-3 system (Russia)

    图  5  NASA构建的一些BLSS地面实验系统[20, 22]

    Fig.  5  BLSS Ground Experiment Facilities Established by NASA

    图  6  生物圈2号[1]

    Fig.  6  Biosphere-2

    图  7  CEEF系统(日本)[1]

    Fig.  7  CEEF (Japan)

    图  8  “月宫1号”(中国)

    Fig.  8  Lunar Palace 1 (China)

    图  9  “月宫1号”中的物质循环[49]

    Fig.  9  Regenerations in Lunar Palace 1

    图  10  BLSS技术研究发展路径

    Fig.  10  The Development Path of BLSS Technologies Research

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  • 收稿日期:  2019-10-21
  • 修回日期:  2019-12-12

深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
    基金项目:  载人航天预先研究项目(020302)
    通讯作者: 刘红(1964– ),女,教授,博士生导师,主要研究方向:特殊环境生命保障和生物安全、光生物学与光保健、肠道微生物学与精神健康、高端植物工厂。本文通讯作者。通讯地址:北京市海淀区学院路37号北京航空航天大学逸夫馆424(100083)E-mail:Lh64@buaa.edu.cn 电话:(010) 82339837
  • ● The research status of bio-regenerative life support systems around the world are summarized. ● The key points and difficulty of bio-regenerative life support system are analyzed. ● The bio-regenerative life support system of ground based facility “Lunar Palace 1” and its achievements are presented.
  • 中图分类号: V11

摘要: 生物再生生命保障系统是月球基地、载人登陆火星和火星基地等长时间、远距离的载人航天活动的关键技术之一。梳理了生物再生生命保障系统的理论与技术体系,综述了自20世纪60年代至今,俄罗斯、美国、欧洲、日本、中国等国家与组织在该领域从生物单元到系统集成研究,再到有人密闭实验的研究进展,以及微型水生生物系统的空间实验的尝试。提出了生物再生生命保障系统的发展路径,指出小型陆生生态系统的空间实验是将该项技术真正应用于太空所需的关键环节,分析了该项技术未来发展趋势及其地面应用前景。

注释:
1)  ● The research status of bio-regenerative life support systems around the world are summarized. ● The key points and difficulty of bio-regenerative life support system are analyzed. ● The bio-regenerative life support system of ground based facility “Lunar Palace 1” and its achievements are presented.

English Abstract

刘红, 姚智恺, 付玉明. 深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
引用本文: 刘红, 姚智恺, 付玉明. 深空探测生物再生生命保障系统研究进展和发展趋势[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文). doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
LIU Hong, YAO Zhikai, FU Yuming. Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
Citation: LIU Hong, YAO Zhikai, FU Yuming. Research Status and Development Trend of Bio-regenerative Life Support System for Deep Space Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2020.20191021001
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