Life information detection is one of the most significant part of deep space exploration. This paper introduces briefly The advantages of Raman spectroscopy for detecting organic matter and advancements of the detection of life information on Mars are briefly introduced, as well as the common techniques for detecting information of Martian life. The development of detecting organic matter and life information on Mars with laser Raman spectroscopy is described in detail. The technology trend for the detection of organic matters on Mars surface is analyzed. The prospects for development of Raman spectroscopy in the field of Mars exploration are briefly summarized.