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载人火星探测的行星保护

徐侃彦 马玲玲 印红 张秦 邹乐洋

徐侃彦, 马玲玲, 印红, 张秦, 邹乐洋. 载人火星探测的行星保护[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
引用本文: 徐侃彦, 马玲玲, 印红, 张秦, 邹乐洋. 载人火星探测的行星保护[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
XU Kanyan, MA Lingling, YIN Hong, ZHANG Qin, ZOU Leyang. Planetary Protection for Manned Mars Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
Citation: XU Kanyan, MA Lingling, YIN Hong, ZHANG Qin, ZOU Leyang. Planetary Protection for Manned Mars Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004

载人火星探测的行星保护

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
基金项目: 载人航天领域第四批预先研究项目(010101)

Planetary Protection for Manned Mars Exploration

  • 摘要: 行星保护是影响载人火星探索任务的重要问题之一。载人探测的行星保护包括3个方面,即防止来源于地球的微生物污染目标星球的正向污染防护、防止外来生物对地球的潜在危害的逆向污染防护,以及确保航天员的健康和安全。国际宇航界已经开始针对载人火星探测的行星保护制定政策法规和开展技术研讨。本文介绍了行星保护的定义和法理依据,简要回顾了美国国家航空航天局在“阿波罗登月”中的行星保护措施,并对未来载人火星探测中的主要污染物、污染途径以及污染防护策略进行了初步探讨。
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  • 收稿日期:  2018-11-13
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载人火星探测的行星保护

doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
    基金项目:  载人航天领域第四批预先研究项目(010101)

摘要: 行星保护是影响载人火星探索任务的重要问题之一。载人探测的行星保护包括3个方面,即防止来源于地球的微生物污染目标星球的正向污染防护、防止外来生物对地球的潜在危害的逆向污染防护,以及确保航天员的健康和安全。国际宇航界已经开始针对载人火星探测的行星保护制定政策法规和开展技术研讨。本文介绍了行星保护的定义和法理依据,简要回顾了美国国家航空航天局在“阿波罗登月”中的行星保护措施,并对未来载人火星探测中的主要污染物、污染途径以及污染防护策略进行了初步探讨。

English Abstract

徐侃彦, 马玲玲, 印红, 张秦, 邹乐洋. 载人火星探测的行星保护[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
引用本文: 徐侃彦, 马玲玲, 印红, 张秦, 邹乐洋. 载人火星探测的行星保护[J]. 深空探测学报(中英文), 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
XU Kanyan, MA Lingling, YIN Hong, ZHANG Qin, ZOU Leyang. Planetary Protection for Manned Mars Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
Citation: XU Kanyan, MA Lingling, YIN Hong, ZHANG Qin, ZOU Leyang. Planetary Protection for Manned Mars Exploration[J]. Journal of Deep Space Exploration, 2019, 6(1): 23-30. doi: 10.15982/j.issn.2095-7777.2019.01.004
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